Competition Rules
2003

FSR-H/V

Issued by the FSR Section of Naviga
in February 2003
World Organisation for Model shipbuilding and Model ship sport
Weltorganisation f┴ Schiffsmodellbau und Schiffsmodellsport
Organisation Mondaile de Navimodelisme et de Sport Nautique
NAVIGA - Competition Rules 2003
Categories FSR - H/V
The NAVIGA - Competition rules of 2003 for the categories FSR-H and FSR-V have been updated based on the NAVIGA - 1997 Competition Rules, and the decisions during the General meeting in 2002

Amendments, additions and proposals for improvements are to be directed to the NAVIGA Section Management via the representative of the country.

In case of doubt of the interpretation of the Rules and Regulations the English text will prevail.

The NAVIGA Executive Committee
CONTENTS:

  1. DEFINITION OF MODELS
  2. CLASSES
  3. PRINCIPAL AND GENERAL RULES
  • 3.1 PRINCIPAL RULES

  • 3.1.1. Competitions where the rules apply
    3.1.2. Entry fees
    3.1.3. Protest fees
  • 3.2 PERSONAL RULES

  • 3.2.1. Age Groups
    3.2.2. Competitors registration
    3.2.3. Maximum allowed number of competitors
    3.2.4. Assistant and substitution of the competitor
  • 3.3 TECHNICAL RULES

  • 3.3.1 Propulsion of models and propulsion agents (fuel)
    3.3.2 Fuels
    3.3.3 Noise reduction, noise level measurement and rules
    3.3.4 Application and use of radio control equipment and frequency control
    3.3.5 Time measuring
    3.3.6 Buoys (dimensions, construction, anchorage)
    3.3.7 Starting pontoon (construction and materials)
  • 3.4 SPORT RULES

  • 3.4.1. The competition area
    3.4.2. Starting area, preparation area and access permission
    3.4.3. Allowed number, entries and condition of models
    3.4.4. Re-run of a race
    3.4.5. Registration numbers
    3.4.6. Registration of competitors and models
    3.4.7. Issuing of starting permits, issuing start and computer passes
    3.4.8. Surrender of competitor passes and assessment of running order
    3.4.9. Calling time (time allowed to get ready)
    3.4.10. Preparation times (at the starting point)
    3.4.11. Interruption / Suspension of the competition
    3.4.12. Scoring and announcement of the results
    3.4.13. Checking of the first three placed models during World and Continental Championships
    3.4.14. Awarding of titles at World and Continental Championships
    3.4.15. Award ceremonies at World and Continental Championships
    3.4.16. Result lists
  • 3.5 NAVIGA PROTEST POLICY

  • 3.5.1 Principal rules
    3.5.2 Lodging of protests
    3.5.3 Handling of protests
  • 3.6 THE MODEL - MEASUREMENT CERTIFICATE

  • 3.7 GENERAL RULES REGARDING CONSTRUCTION FOR CATEGORY FSR
    1. GENERAL RULES REGARDING THE SET UP OF COMPETITION COURSES FOR FSR CATEGORY
    2. GENERAL RULES REGARDING START AND TERMINATION OF A RACE OR HEAT
    3. COMPETITION REQUIREMENTS IN FSR CATEGORY
    6.1 General rules and regulations
    6.2 Manning level of the start pontoon
    6.3 Minimum requirements for the starting area
    6.4 Competition course and race duration in FSR-V classes
    6.5 Procedure for races in the FSR-V classes
    6.6 Lap counting for FSR-V races
    6.6.1 Manual lap counting
    6.6.2 Computerised lap counting
    6.7 Scoring in FSR-V classes
    6.8 Composition of result lists in the FSR-V classes
    6.9 Competition course and race duration in the FSR-H classes
    6.10 Start clock for FSR-H classes
    6.11 Procedure for races in the FSR- H classes
    6.12 Basic rules and penalties in the FSR - H classes
    6.12.1 Left turns
    6.12.2 Right of way
    6.12.3 Negotiating / passing the buoys
    6.13 Rules for overtaking in the FSR-H classes
    6.14 Calculation of final results in FSR-H classes
    6.15 Composition of result lists in the FSR-H classes
    1. METHODS FOR MEASURING NOISE LEVELS IN THE FSR CATEGORY
    7.1 General
    7.2 Measuring methods in FSR-H
    7.3 Measuring methods in FSR-V

    APPENDIX

    Guide to measuring and setting up a FSR-V course

    Competition rules for radio controlled models in categories FSR-H and FSR-V

    1. Definition of models
     
               Models in the FSR categories are controlled by the competitor using radio 
               control. These are model boats of free design, which conform to the race 
               requirements,however should in form and design look like a boat. 
    
    2. Classes
     
               The category FSR can be divided into the following groups and classes: 
               Class FSR-H3.5
    
         Class FSR-H3.5     Free build HYDRO - planes* with internal combustion 
                              motor up to 3.5 cm3 and with surface drive propulsion. 
    
         Class FSR-H7.5     Free build HYDRO - planes* with internal combustion 
                              motor above 3.5 cm3 up to 7.5 cm3 and with surface drive 
                              propulsion. 
    
         Class FSR- H15     Free build HYDRO - planes* with internal combustion motor 
                              above 7.5 cm3 up to 15. cm3 and with surface drive 
                              propulsion.
    
         Class FSR-V3.5     Free build racing models for endurance races (20 – 30 min) 
                              with internal combustion motors up to 3.5 cm3 and below 
                              waterline propulsion.
    
         Class FSR-V7.5     Free build racing models for endurance races (20 – 30 min) 
                              with internal combustion motors above 3.5 up to 7.5 cm3 and 
                              below waterline propulsion.
    
         Class FSR-V15      Free build racing models for endurance races (20 – 30 min) 
                              with internal combustion motors above 7.5 up to 15.0 cm3 and 
                              below waterline propulsion. 
    
         Class FSR-V35      Free build racing models for endurance races (20 – 30 min) 
                              with internal combustion motors (petrol-motor with spark 
                              plug ignition) above 15.0 up to 35.0 cm3 and below waterline 
                              propulsion.
    
    Remark:    * HYDRO-planes (A free build model with two or more planning surfaces).
    
                                           
    
    3. Principal and General Rules
     
         3.1 Principal Rules
     
         3.1.1 Competitions where the rules apply
    
    (1) The NAVIGA rules apply to the following official NAVIGA competitions:
     
         -World Championships 
         -Continental Championships 
         -International Competitions 
         -International Friendly Competitions 
    
    (2) For countries associated with NAVIGA it is recommended, that they use these 
        rules in their national events.
    
    (3) The year of the competition is from January 1st untill January 1st of the 
         next year.
    
    3.1.2 Entry Fee 
    
          Entry fees for official NAVIGA events are as follows: 
    
          - for seniors 15.00 US Dollars per class 
          - for juniors 10.00 US Dollars per class 
    
    
          or the equivalent amount in local currency at the valid rate of exchange. 
          There no additional fees for reserve model.
     
    3.1.3 Protest Fees
     
          The protest fee at all official NAVIGA competitions is 10.00 Euro or the 
          equivalent amount in local currency at the valid rate of exchange. 
    
    3.2 Personal Rules
     
    3.2.1 Age Groups 
    
          At NAVIGA events the competitors are divided into two Age Groups – Juniors 
          and Seniors. 
    
    (1)   A Junior is someone who in the year of the competition is not older than 
          18 years. 
     (A Junior is someone who in the year of the event does not have their 19th birthday.)
     
    (2)   For safety reasons the junior competitors in the FSR 15cc and 35cc engines 
          classes must be at least 12 years old.
    
    3.2.2 Competitor registration
     
    (1)   In order to compete in a championship or other international event an 
          application must be made country’s association on behalf of the competitor. 
    
          The application should be received by the Organisers in accordance with their 
          terms and can be refused if received late. 
    
    (2)   An association is only allowed to enter competitors if their country’s 
          membership subscriptions, as set by NAVIGA, have been paid.
     
    (3)   By entering the competition the competitor accepts the rules that apply.
    
    3.2.3 Maximum Allowed Competitors
     
    (1)   At the world championships each country is allowed to enter the following
          number of competitors in seniors and juniors:
    
     
                   In the FSR-H classes 3 competitors and the title defendant 
                   In the FSR-V classes 3 competitors and the title defendant 
                   In the FSR-V classes it can be more, if one country have a 
                 competitor in the final the country have the right for 1 extra 
                 place in the next worldchampionship. If they have 2 in the final 
                 than they have 2 extra place’s for the next worldchampionship, 
                 in this case they have the right for 5 competitors, the maximum 
                 is 5 competitors and the title defendant.
    
    (2)   In continental championships
    
      
                  In the FSR-H classes each 5 competitors and the title defendant 
                  In the FSR-V classes each 5 competitors and the title defendant
    
    3.2.4 Assistants and substitution of the competitor
     
    (1)    In each class a competitor is allowed to have an assistant who will be 
           designated by the competitor.
     
    (2)    The assistant is allowed to help the competitor in the preparations for 
           the start and until the finish of the race.
     
    (3)    Substitution of the competitor is NOT allowed during the race.
    
                                        
     
    3.3 Technical rules
     
    3.3.1 Propulsion of models and fuels
     
    (1)    Only internal combustion motors are allowed. Jet engines and other 
           forms of non standardised propulsion are not allowed.
    
    3.3.2 Fuel
     
    (1)    Free fuel is allowed except in the FSR-V 35 class.
    
    (2)    Fuel in the FSR-V 35 class must be a petrol-oil mixture. 
           Petrol can be of any octane level. 
           The use of Methanol mixtures is prohibited.
    
    3.3.3 Noise reduction, noise level measurement and rules
     
    (1)    Internal combustion engines must be equipped with a device to 
           reduce noise levels.
    
    (2)    The equipment used to assess the noise level shall not exceed 
           approx. 0.3 dB and must be in accordance with EEC and analogue 
           rules. Noise level indicator issued by a recognised authority,
           must be readily available.
    
    (3)    If for noise level measurements, self-registration equipment is used,
           these should reflect the measurements of the noise level indicator 
           without too many differences. It is therefore recommended that a 
           comparison between the equipment in use should take place. The 
           comparison has to be checked by the Jury or the Organisers at the 
           start of the event/race and maintained throughout.
    
    (4)    Noise level readings should be taken by individuals who have been 
           trained appropriately and have practical experience.
    
    (5)    The noise meter should be set on “SLOW”.
    
    (6)    For the method of measuring noise levels in classes FSR-H and FSR-V 
           refer to paragraph 7.
    
    3.3.4 Application and use of radio control equipment and frequency control
     
    (1)    During official NAVIGA events only digital and proportional operated 
           radio control equipment is allowed. The radio control must be capable
           of working within 20 kHz, which for example, would allow 12 models in the
           27 MHz band. The use of any other frequency bands may be possible.
    
    (2)    It must be possible to change frequency at short notice. Each competitor 
           must have four different pairs of crystals.
    
    (3)    Radio’s may not be switched on within 1000 mtrs. of the competition area.
           Competitors  who dissobey this rules will be disqualified from the whole 
           competition.
    
    (4)    The use of the radio control equipment is subject to the regulations of 
           the country where the NAVIGA event is held. Organisers must list the 
           available frequencies in the entry form for the event.
    
    (5)    It is recommended that frequency checks are carried out to avoid 
           frequency clashes. At world and continental championships there must
           be frequency checks.
    
    (6)    The re-run of a race due to radio problems can be refused by the race
           officials if the planned finishing time of a race or championships is 
           seriously endangered.
    
    (7)    The team leaders will be the only ones informed of the frequencies 
           allocated to the competitors. The frequencies will not be published 
           in the start list.
    
    (8)    The frequencies must be recorded in MHz only.
    
                                        
    
    3.3.5 Time Measuring
     
    (1)    Time should be measured to a tenth of a second. If timers are used 
           with greater accuracy, the second decimal digit should be ignored.
     
    (2)    Electronic or manual timing can be used. Electronic timing means the 
           time is automatically measured by electronic or electromagnetic timing 
           systems. The timing assessed by manually operated electronic timers, 
           is not classed as electronic timing.
    
    (3)    The start official must before the start of the race, test that timers 
           and clocks are working correctly.
    
    (4)    Times shown on the timers or clocks can only be released, when the start
           official has ensured that the proper reading has been entered in the results
           list. The release of the time is done by the start official.
    
    3.3.6 Buoys (Dimensions, Construction, Anchorage)
     
    (1)    The race course has to be marked by buoys. Each buoy must consist of two 
           colours and have good visible coloured stripes which must be at a right angle
           to the water surface.
    
    (2)    The buoys must be cylindrical and a minimum of 200 mm and maximum 500 mm 
           above the water surface. The buoys have to be anchored so that they are at 
           a right angle to the water surface.
    
    (3)    The buoys must be 400 to 500 mm in diameter.
    
    (4)    The buoys must be made of materials such as polystyrene, cork, 
           natural fibres, etc.
    
    3.3.7 Starting pontoon (Construction and Materials)
     
    (1)    Starting pontoons have to provide adequate space for the competitors, 
           their models, assistants and judges. Any obstructions which could 
           endanger the safety of the competitors and models should be avoided.
    
    (2)    The starting pontoon must be a minimum of 13 x 1,5 m wide and 19,5 meters
           long. (see appendix 1 )
    
    (3)    Access to the starting pontoon should be clear. The surface of the 
           pontoon must be non slip even when wet.
    
    (4)    The starting pontoon should when occupied not move, roll or in any other 
           way change position. The surface of the starting pontoon must not be higher
           than 150 mm above the water surface.
    
    (5)    Floating staring pontoons are only allowed when the anchoring and stability 
           are sufficient to prevent rolling caused by waves or movement of people. 
    
                                           
    
    3.4 Sport Rules
     
    3.4.1 The Competition Area
     
    (1)    The competition site especially the racing water and the surrounding area 
           should be selected by the organisers to give competitors the best possible
           conditions to achieve good results.
    
    (2)    The organisers must ensure that adequate safety measures are in place to 
           protect competitors, officials and spectators from possible dangers.
    
    (3)    The competition site, the race water must not be contaminated by 
           mineral oils, grease and other poisonous substances.
    
           Failure to comply with this rule will result in disqualification of 
           the competitor, who will not be able to lodge a protest. 
    
    3.4.2 Starting area, the preparation area and access permission
     
    (1)    The starting area is the enclosed area directly adjacent to the racing 
           water, in which the starting pontoon is located from which the competitors
           launched their model.
    
    (2)    The preparation area is an enclosed area, where all competitors prepare 
           the models and equipment for the start and serves as a waiting area during 
           the event.
    
           The preparation area should be located as close as possible to the 
           starting area, subject to local facilities. It should provide accommodation
           and protection from weather conditions for the models. Only officials, 
           competitors and assistants engaged in the event are allowed in the 
           preparation area.
    
    (3)    Only race officials, competitors and their assistants are allowed on the
           starting pontoon.
    
           The minimum requirements for the starting area are specified 
           in section (6.3)
    
    (4)    On the starting pontoon it is prohibited to use umbrellas during a race.
    
    (5)    It is prohibited, to run engines within 200 meters around the staring 
           pontoon during the race.
    
    3.4.3 Allowed Number, Entry Possibilities and Race Conditions of the Models
     
    (1)    In the category FSR each competitor can register for the event two models 
           per class.
    
    (2)    It is the choice of the competitor which of the two models he will use 
           for a race. Both models can be brought into the preparation area. However, 
           only one model can be taken on the starting pontoon. After the start of the
           preparation time it is not possible to change models. In the event of a 
           breakdown during a race it is not allowed to use the second model. 
           It may only be used during the competitors next race.
    
    (3)    Each model must from start to finish of the event show the condition in 
           which it has been originally registered. If during the start a part is 
           mission or such a part has been added i.e. this part was lost during the 
           race, this start will be without time i.e. without a score registered.
           The decision rest with start official.
    
                                         
    
    3.4.4 Re-run of a race
     
    (1)   There is no right to a re-run if a model is damaged during a race or if
          a propeller is caught by a foreign object like weeds etc.
     
    (2)   A race can be repeated, when the timing or the lap counting fails.
    
    3.4.5 Registration Numbers
     
    (1)    At all NAVIGA events all models must have fixed registration numbers.
     
    (2)    The registration numbers are given out by the respective country. 
           If the nationality is not part of the registration number it must be 
           attached to the models. Registration numbers and nationality must 
           not be changed and  must be permanently fixed.
     
    (3)    The race and spare model must show an identical registration numbers.
    
     
    Boat– upper deck        XYZ = Nationality 
                             H3  = National Registration Number
    
    
    
    Drawing 1 Registration number 
    
    
    3.4.6 Registration of competitors and models
     
    (1)    Each competitor is required to register their models including any
           spare models and their radio control equipment, within the 
           registration time announced.
    
    (2)    Together with the models, the competitor must show the confirmation
           of their registration issued by the organisers. Group confirmation 
           should be shown by the team leader.
    
    (3)    Qualified judges should be appointed by the organisers to carry out
           registration. These have to be confirmed by the jury of race officials.
    
    (4)    The registration must be arranged by the organisers so that it can be
           completed within the set period, ensuring the planned start of the 
           race and minimum disruption to competitors. According to the number 
           of registered competitors and models, marked registration areas for
           various classes should be arranged.
    
           The organisers must appoint sufficient qualified assistants.
    
    (5)    The competitors must show their model for registration in the 
           condition, in which it will be used in the race.
    
    (6) The following items must be included in the registration list:
    
           - Surname, Christian name of the competitor and their nationality 
           - Class 
           - Registration number 
           - Specification of the radio equipment (frequency, modulation, 
             working frequency, spare crystals)
    
    (7)    A marking on an appropriate place on the hull (shield, sticker, 
           stamp or similar) must be affixed to each registered model.
    
           The marking should not leave permanent stains on the outside 
           of the model.
    
                                      
    
    3.4.7 Issuing of starting permits, issuing start and competitor passes
     
    (1)    After registration, the chief judge (at Word – and Continental 
           Championships the jury) must announce the start permission.
     
           This must be done by public announcement giving the names of 
           competitors and classes entered. Reasons for refusal must be given.
     
    (2)    The competition or the championship can only start one hour after 
           the announcement of the starting permits.
    
    (3)    The competitor passes are to be issued by the organiser on the 
           basis of the entries and should be handed to the competitor at 
           the time of registration.
    
    (4)    The Organiser i.e. the Duty Officer must issue the starting 
           permits and to ensure that these are readily available at the 
           starting point.
    
    3.4.8 Surrender of competitor passes and Assessment of Running Order
     
    (1)    Prior to the race the competitor must hand in the starting permit 
           to the start official, failing which the competitor looses their 
           permission to start that race.
    
    (2)    The start sequence of the competitors at a starting point must be 
           assessed prior to first the race or lap per class under jurisdiction
           of the start position leader or otherwise appoint the available crystals.
    
           In the event additional races take place, the starting sequence must be 
           reversed.
    
    (3)    In the event of two or more starting point are available, the competition
           leaders or jury can decide which frequencies are to be used at a certain
           starting point.
    
    (4)    If the competitor in the same event, competes in various model classes,
           of which the races take place at the same time at a different starting 
           point, there is no possibility (right) to request a change of the 
           starting time and/or a change of starting sequence.
    
    3.4.9 Calling time (Time Allowed to Get Ready)
     
    (1)    The calling time is one minute. Within this time the start leader must
           call the competitor three times by name to show at the starting point.
    
    (2)    If the competitor does not show up with his/her model within the calling
           time, the competitor looses his/her right to start for this race or lap.
    
    (3)    At the call of the competitor to the start, the next competitor should 
           be announced to prepare for the start in accordance with the start sequence.
    
    (4)    In the event a competitor does not show up to start, the calling time 
           for the next competitor in the starting sequence amounts two minutes.
    
    3.4.10 Preparation times (at the Starting Point)
     
    (1)    The finish of the preparation time must be announced verbally and 
           possibly also optical.
    
    3.4.11 Interruption / suspensions of the competition (re 6.5.20)
     
    (1)    An interruption of the complete event can only be announced by the 
           chief judge.
    
    (2)    An interruption of the competition at a starting pontoon is decided
           by the start position official.
    
    (3)    If a competition is suspended in excess of 60 minutes, the complete
           race has to be re-run for all competitors.
    
                                      
    
    3.4.12 Scoring and Announcement of the Results
     
    (1)    All results of a competition should immediately be announced or 
           displayed at the starting area. The verbal announcement must be made
           in at least one of the three official NAVIGA languages in addition 
           to the national language. The verbal announcement is regarded as a 
           provisional result. 
    
    (2)    The results are to be recorded in the result list. After the 
           completion of the event the results must be checked and made public
           within two hours. This is a preliminary result list.
    
    (3)    The jury can confirm the final results one hour after issuing the
           preliminary results. 
    
    (4)    After confirmation of the results by the competition officials i.e. 
           jury, it is no longer possible to protest against the results.
    
    (5)    Competitors with a zero result will be recorded at the end of the 
           result list in alphabetical order.
    
    3.4.13 Checking of the first three placed models during World and Continental 
    Championships
     
    (1)   At World and Continental Championships the first three placed models
          must be checked that they conform to the construction regulations and
          the engines are measured for their true capacity.
    
    (2)   In case a World Championship for a certain class is held with less 
          competitors than described in paragraph (1) and (2), no titles and 
          medals will be awarded in those classes. The achievements of the 
          competitors will be acknowledged by special certificates.
    
    3.4.14. Awarding of titles at World and Continental Championships
    
    3.4.15 Award Ceremonies at World and Continental Championships
     
    (1)   At World Championships the first three placed competitors in each
          class of juniors and seniors receive a gold, silver or bronze medal 
          and a certificate, which are provided by NAVIGA.
    
          At Continental Championships the first three placed competitors in
          each class of juniors and seniors receive a old, silver or bronze 
          medal and a certificate.
    
    (2)   In addition to the first three places at World Championships each 
          competitor receives a Certificate of attendance.
    
    (3)   In addition to the title, medals and certificates, an honorary 
          award can be given for special achievements.
    
    (4)   The title, medals, certificates and honorary awards must be 
          presented in a public ceremony.
    
    (5)   All competitors and officials must attend the prize giving ceremony.
          A competitor who without a founded excuse does not attend the ceremony,
          looses the right to title, medals,certificates and honorary award. 
          The decision in respect of excuses rests with the competition 
          officials i.e. the jury.
    
    3.4.16 Result lists
     
          The organiser of a NAVIGA event must, after the completion of the 
          event (ceremony), give at least 3 complete result lists to each of
          the participating countries.
     
          For special regulations regarding the contents of the result list 
          refer to sections 6.8. for FSR-V and 6.15 for FSR-H. 
    
                                       
    
    3.5 NAVIGA – Protest Policy
     
    3.5.1 Principal Rules
     
    (1)   A protest can only be lodged, if a competitor is convinced that 
          their race result has been affected by a decision, act or omission
          made by the members of the competition management, the jury, judges,
          the organiser or by unfair acts of other competitors or teams. 
    
    (2)   Protests against the timing and/or combined protests are excluded.
    
    (3)   The final results, placing, the awarding of titles, medals and 
          honorary awards can only take place after all lodged protests have
          been resolved.
    
    (4)   The decision of the jury is final. Appeals are not accepted.
    
    3.5.2 Lodging of protests
     
    (1)   Each protest must be verbally reported to the starting official 
          immediately upon observation of the alleged discrepancy. Within
          one hour after completion of the race in which the incident 
          occurred, the protest must be lodged in writing to the competition
          management e.g. the Jury in one of the three official NAVIGA 
          languages.
    
    (2)   The lodging of a protest does not exclude the competitor from 
          further participation in the competition. If the competitor 
          withdraws from further competition on grounds of a lodged protest,
          they will be disqualified from the whole event. In this case their 
          lodged protest will be rejected.
    
    (3)   If after a verbally lodged protest measures are being taken to 
          correct the situation a written protest will not be necessary. 
          The competitor must be advised prior to the acceptance of the 
          written protest and the protest fee.
    
    (3)   The written protest must contain the following:
    
          - Grounds of the protest (respective rules, regulations, acts
            and where to find them)
          - Time, place including a precise description of the incident, 
            the reason for the protest, possibly including drawings and
            other evidence.
          - Statements and names of witnesses, who have been involved 
            in the incident and are willing to truthfully answer questions
            regarding the protest.
          - Statement, with which start official and at what time, the 
            protest was verbally lodged.
    
    (5)   The protest must be signed by the competitor and the team leader
          of the respective country.
    
    (6)   The protest fee must be paid when the written protest is lodged, 
          or the protest will be null and void.
    
    3.5.3 Handling of Protest
     
    (1)   The jury has to consider an officially lodged protest, for which 
          the protest fee has been paid and give a decision. During the 
          protest negotiations the team leader of the country whose 
          competitor lodged a protest has no voting rights.
    
    (2)   If during a protest a competitor is accused to have breached the
          rules, the jury has to carry out the protest procedure against the
          accused competitor.
    
    (3)   The competitor who has lodged the protest and the person against 
          whom the protest negotiations are conducted, have the right to 
          attend the hearing without voting rights. For the protest 
          negotiations the jury can call further witnesses involved in the
          incident who must give a truthful account.
    
    (4)   The decision given by the competition management on the outcome 
          of the protest must be announced to the competitors by means of a 
          public notice in one of the three official NAVIGA languages .
    
    (5)   If the protest is successful the protest fee has to be returned 
          to the competitor. If the protest fails, the protest fee will 
          remain with the organiser.
    
                                      
    
    3.6 The Model – Measurement Certificate
     
          For model classes FSR-H and FSR-V no international model – 
          measurement certificate is required.
    
    3.7 General rules regarding construction for category FSR
     
    (1)   For competitions in category FSR models are of free design. 
          The model however must be owned by the competitor.
     
    (2)   The overall length of the model in the FSR category, must not
          exceed 2500 mm. 
    
    (3)   The steering of the model must be through radio control.
     
    (4)   One or more internal combustion engines can be used. However 
          their total cylinder capacity must not exceed the respective class. 
    
    4. General Rules regarding the set up of competition courses for the category FSR
     
    (1)   The competitions in the category FSR are performed on two 
          different courses.
    
          - For the FSR-H category see drawing 4 
          - For the FSR-V category see drawing 3 
    
    (2)   The competition courses are to be placed in calm, preferably 
          sheltered from wind, waters. 
    
    5. General Rules regarding start and termination of a race or heat
     
    (1)   During the competition the competitor is free to move within 
          the clearly marked area allocated by the organizer on the 
          starting pontoon.
     
    (2)   After completion of the race or heat the model must be taken 
          out of the water immediately and radio control switched off.
    
                                      
    
    6. Competition requirements in FSR category
    
    6.1 General construction rules and regulations
     
    (1)   The hull has no construction rules, however it must in form
          and shape look like a Mono hull. 
    
    (2)   The engine must have full throttle control. The size of the 
          tank is not restricted. Fuel has to be supplied by the competitor.
     
    (3)   Every model must have on the deck a longitudinal mount for 
          attaching number plate which has to be provided by the competitor.
          The number plate must be made out of flexible and durable 
          material, which does not cause damage to the model when run over.
          The plate must be white and the numbers from 1 to 13 must be black.
          The number plate must be attached to the model with two connections.
          The number plate for FSR/V must be mounted on the right hand side. 
          The number plate for FSR H/O must be mounted on the left hand side. 
          It is allowed the use the own number plate if they are according 
          to the rules. 
    
    (4)   The dimensions of number plates for classes FSR-V and FSR-H and 
          FSR-O are as follows (see drawing 2):
    
     
          -Height 100 mm 
          -Width 120 mm 
          -Thickness approx. 2 mm 
          -Distance between the holes 100 mm 
          -Distance of hole from the bottom of plate 10 mm 
          -Diameter of hole 5 mm 
    
    Drawing 2: Number plate for classes FSR-H and FSR-V.
     
    (5)   The organiser has to provide two powered rescue boats, which have
          to be stationed on the left and right hand side of the starting 
          pontoon. The crews for the rescue boats have to be provided by the
          organiser. It is recommended to the organiser that of the two rescue
          boats one is equipped with a motor. The second can be a rowing boat. 
          A rowing boat must have the oars fixed to the boat. The oars must have
          a device which prevents the oars to be rejected. 
    
    (6)   Inflatable boats, and other boats which could be damaged on impact and
          endanger life of the crew, must not be used as rescue boats. The crew 
          of the rescue boats must wear life jackets. If the protective suites are
          not life belts, the rescue boats must be equipped with life buoys. To 
          improve the safety of the rescue boats these should be equipped with 
          safety boards, which should be mounted on the outside to prevent damage.
     
    (7)   The rescue service is controlled by a start position official. The models
          must be rescued in the shortest possible time, causing minimum disturbance
          to the models still racing ensuring that all the competitors are treated 
          fairly. Powered rescue boats must be used slowly, so that the bow waves 
          have no adverse influence on the race. The continuous circling of rescue 
          boats within the course should be avoided. Powered rescue boats should 
          preferably be used to rescue those models which are farthest from the 
          starting jetty. 
    
    (8)   In classes FSR-H the rescue of models is only performed after completion
          of the heat. 
    
    (9)   During the race nobody is allowed in the racing water. Competitors not 
          obeying this rule will be disqualified. 
    
    (10)  The staring pontoon has to be divided into approximately 1.5 meter sections
          for each competitor. The starting positions must be numbered and allocated
          prior to the race. FSR – starting pontoons must have a board in front to
          prevent boats landing on the pontoon. 
    
    (11)  At world and Continental Championships of the FSR group, the organiser must 
          provide a 1 meter high platform as part of the staring pontoon for the 
          competitors to drive from.
    
    (12)  The raised platform must also be numbered with starting positions. The 
          competitor is left the choice from which level they wish to drive. The 
          competitor and assistant can only use the allocated starting position.
    
    (13)  Safety nets or other safety devices must be positioned around the competition
          site to avoid endangering spectators. This should take into consideration 
          models that might collide or come off course.
    
    (14)  FSR -V 35 boats must have a towing eye on the front for rescue purposes.
    
    (15)  In order to ensure a quick rescue, all FSR-V boats must have a proper 
          lifting point.
    
                                      
     
    6.2 Manning Level of the Start Pontoon 
    
           The manning level of the start positions in the FSR group is as follows: 
    
           -1 chief pontoon judge 
           -2 assistant pontoon judges (to support the chief pontoon judge and observe
              the race) 
           -1 official measuring the noise levels 
           -1 secretary 
           -4 Judges for lap counting
    
    6.3 Minimum requirements for the starting area
     
           The minimum requirements for a starting area in the FSR category are:
     
           - A starting pontoon for FSR-V class should be minimum 19,5 meters long 
             and 1.5 meters wide, with numbered starting positions from 13 – 1. 
             In the FSR-H class the starting pontoon should be minimum 12 meters 
             long and 1.5 meters wide, with numbered starting positions from 8 – 1. 
           - 2 rescue boats in accordance with paragraph 6.1 item (5) and (6). 
           - 1 noise meter 
           - Tables and chairs for the judges possibly protected from the weather. 
           - Tables and chairs for the lap counters possible protected from the weather. 
           - 3 Yellow cards one plain, one with the number 1,one with the number 2. 
           - 1 red card. 
           - 1 signal device to indicate the start/finish of the heat. 
           - 1 clock to indicate the racing time. 
           - 1 public address system. 
           - 2 sets of number plates with the numbers 1 to 13 for FSR-V and 1 to 8 for 
               FSR-H. 
           - 1 board with the drawing of the respective FSR-course 
    
    6.4 Competition course and duration of the race in the FSR-V Classes
     
    (1)    The competition will be held on a course as shown in drawing 3. The
           competition course has to be placed so that the base line runs parallel
           to the starting pontoon and the centre line is at a right angle from 
           between start positions 6 and 7 to the centre buoy.
     
    (2)    A competition consists of two 20 minute heats and a 30 minute final. 
           After the first 10 minutes and every following 5 minutes there must be a
           verbal announcement of the time elapsed. The time elapsed must also be 
           displayed to the competitors.
    
             Lapcounter and finish line have to be on the left side of the pontoon
                               13 - -1 =   Start positions
                               RB      =   Rescue Boat
    
    Drawing 3:   FSR -V competition course
    
                                     
    
     
    6.5 Procedures for Races in the FSR-V Classes
     
    (1)   The course is sailed anti-clockwise. For every heat maximum of 12 and 
          minimum of 3 competitors are allowed. If more than 12 competitors have
          entered the competition, they should be split into equal groups of no 
          more than 12. The make up of the groups should be random, taking into 
          consideration the available crystals. This will be checked by the judges.
          For the first heat the start positions are allocated by the organiser.
          For the second heat the start positions are reversed (the start numbers
          are the same as in the first heat).
     
    (2)   All heats in an individual class should be run consecutively with the 
          aim that the same weather conditions apply to all competitors.
     
    (3)   When more than 12 competitors enter a championship a qualification races
          must be held in order to decide the 12 finalists. If competitors in 12th
          and 13th place have equal laps and time the final will be run with 13 
          competitors. If competitors in 12th 13th and 14th place have equal laps
          and time the run off has to be held to decide the 12th place finalist.
          If after this the competitors are still on equal laps – and heat times,
          a raffle has to be held. The start positions for the finalists will be
          decided in sequential order using the best results of the qualification 
          heats. The competitor with the highest number of laps in the qualification
          heats will occupy start positions 1, the start position 12 / 13 is 
          allocated to the competitor with the least number of laps in the 
          qualification heats. In case of equal number of laps the position will be
          decided by the shortest delay time on the last lap.
     
    (4)   Before the start of each race a radio check has to be carried out to 
          prevent interference. Therefore all transmitters and receivers must be
          switched on. When it has been confirmed that there is no radio interference
          it is no longer possible to protest.
    
    (5)   After the radio check, the preparation time begins.
    
    (6)   The preparation time for the FSR-V classes is 4 minutes. During this time
          the competitor is allowed 3.5 minutes to warm up and tune the engines. 
          During this time the model can be place in the water but must not be released.
    
    (7)   30 seconds prior to the start all models must be on the pontoon with the 
          engines switched off. During the remaining time the competitors and assistants
          are not permitted to attend to their model. The start position official can 
          start the race within those 30 seconds.
    
    (8)   The race will begin with an acoustic signal given by the start position 
          official. After the signal the engines can be started and the models launched.
     
    (9)   During the race you may leave the start position to rescue the model or to 
          fetch spare materials. However while driving the competitor must not leave
          the start position. It is not allowed to remove the transmitter from the start
          position.
    
    (10)  All buoys must be negotiated in accordance with the course. Touching the buoys
          is allowed. Only those laps negotiated in accordance with the course are 
          counted.
     
    (11) During the race each competitors laps must be displayed on a score board.
     
    (12) If a buoy is passed on the wrong side, it is allowed to re circle the buoy 
         without interfering with other competitors. If you do not re circle the buoy
         the lap will not be counted. 
    
    (13) A slower boat can be overtaken on either side. During the overtaking manoeuvre
         the slower boat must not change course or get in the way of the overtaking boat.
         The overtaking boat can return to the racing line when no less then three boat 
         lengths ahead. 
    
    (14) The faster boat is not allowed to interfere with the slower model during the 
         overtaking manoeuvre. 
    
    (15) The boat on the race line which is less than 5 boat lengths from a buoy has
         right of way. A manoeuvre to force a boat to pass on the inside of a buoy in 
         order to overtake is not permitted. 
    
    (16) If during a race a boat stops, it can be retrieved by the rescue boat, causing
         minimum disruption to the other boats. The lap on which the boat stopped is not
         counted. 
    
    (17) Boats returned by the rescue boat must resume the course from the staring 
         position. After the new start the laps will be added to those previously 
         achieved. 
    
    (18) FSR-V boats can be repaired and refuelled during a heat. Only laps completed 
         during the heat will be counted. 
    
    (19) If a boat looses the number plate during the race it is allowed to complete
         the commenced lap. Any laps completed after this lap without a number plat
         will not be counted.
    
    (20) A race can be stopped by the start position official due to exceptional 
         circumstances (e.g. sheered off buoys). Rules for stopping a race:
     
         a) The start position official gives an acoustic signal the same as at 
            the end of a race. At the same time as the signal is given the clock 
            which measures the duration of the race is stopped. After the start 
            position official has given the signal, the models have to complete
            the commenced lap. 
         b) The time, from when the signal was given, until the models pass the
            finish line, must be recorded. The models have to be taken from the
            water and the engines stopped. 
         c) Competitors and assistants have to step back from the models. Repairs
            are not permitted. During the interruption in the race models can be
            rescued. 
         d) After resolving the cause for the interruption, the start position 
            official will give a start signal following the same procedure as at
            the beginning of the race. The time keeping will continue with the 
            start signal. 
         e) If the race is stopped within the first three minutes it will be 
            annulled and restarted from the beginning.
     
    (21) If a heat had to be stopped, all the laps and times have to be added 
         together. 
    
    (22) In cases of unfair behaviour, interference with other competitors, 
         not following the rules,endangering spectators or rescue boat crew 
         (e.g. collision with the starting pontoon) the start position leader
         can pronounce the following penalties.
     
         a) The first occurrence of not following the rules described in 
            paragraphs (12) - (15),where no other boat has stopped as a result
            of the incident a warning (yellow card)will be given. 
         b) The second occurrence of not following the rules described in 
            paragraphs (12) - (15),or a more serious incident, or running over
            a stopped boat will be punished with a one lap deduction 
            (yellow card with number 1). 
         c) The third occurrence of not following the rules described in 
            paragraphs (12) - (15), or exceptionally serious incident, or 
            causing another boat to stop will be punished by a two lap 
            deduction (yellow card with the number 2). 
         d) The fourth occurrence of not following the rules described in
            paragraphs (12) - (15),or exceptionally inconsiderate behaviour
            of a competitor will be punished by disqualification (red card).
            The model has to be taken out of the water immediately.
         e) If a model touches a rescue boat the competitor is disqualified 
            from that heat. The disqualification (red card). The model has 
            to be taken out of the water immediately. 
         f) If other models are involved in endangering, touching or collision
            with rescue boat, the start position official can in their own 
            discretion penalise the other competitors as well.
         g) If a model is passing the rescue boot inside 3 mtrs. Full speed.
            First time a yellow card. Second time in the same head a red card.
            The model has taken out of the water immediately. 
    
            The competitor must be verbally and visually notified of a penalty.
            There is no possibility of an appeal against the decision. The 
            start position official must record the penalty and the start 
            number of the competitor.
     
    (23) The end of the race is indicated by an acoustic signal. All models 
         must after the signal complete the commenced lap and this lap will 
         be counted. After the final signal the lap counters will record the
         time of delay for every model passing the finishing line. This time
         will be recorded with the number of laps.
    
                                      
    
    6.6  Lap Counting for FSR-V races 
    
         Lap counting can be manual or computerised.
     
    6.6.1 Manual lap counting 
    
    (1)  With manual lap counting referees for counting will be provided by
         the organiser The referees (judges) are responsible for the careful
         and proper lap counting. 
    
         If difference of opinion exists amongst the lap counter referees,
         the decision lies with the start position official. 
    
    (2)  The announcers and operators (counters) are working in pairs. The
         will supervise the counting of the models. The announcers will call
         at the passage of the finish line the respective start position 
         number which will be registered by the operator (counter)
    
    (3)  The lap counters must be seated on the left side from the pontoon
         (see 6.6.2.point 4)
    
    6.6.2 Computerised lap counting
     
    (1)  For computerised lap counting only 4 to 6 lap counters are needed 
         ( 2-3 announcers, 2-3 operators of the counting equipment).
    
    (2)  The announcers and operators work in pairs and will be responsible
         for counting the models. The announcers will call the number of the
         model passing the finishing line and the lap will be recorded by the
         counting equipment operator.
    
    (3)  Lap counters will only do the lap counting. Any lap deductions will
         be recorded by the assistant pontoon judges and will be deducted from
         the total of laps recorded by the lap counters at the end of the heat.
     
    (4)  There is only one finish line for all 12/13 models. The finish line 
         is located on the left hand side of start position 13 from the pontoon.
         The lap counters will be located in a raised position in line with 
         the finish line.
    
    (5)  In the event of equal number of laps, the competitor whose model passes
         the finish line first, will be the winner. A competitor with a start 
         position number higher than 1 can only be a winner, if they have 
         overtaken all models in start numbers lower than them.
    
    6.7 Scoring in FSR-V classes
     
    (1)  The competition result is decided on the number of valid laps and the
         delay time after deduction of penalty laps .
    
    (2)  If there are 13 or less competitors entered for a particular class only
         two heats have to be run. The best score from the two heats will count 
         to decide the places.
    
    (3)  The places will be decided on the number of laps achieved. When there 
         is more than one competitor with the same number of laps, the 
         competitor with the shorter delay time will be placed higher.
    
    (4)  In the event that a final race takes place in accordance with paragraph
         6.5 item (3), the placing are as follows:
     
         a) The finalists are placed according to their finishing position 
            in the final. 
         b) Placing of the remaining competitors will be in sequential order of
            the number of laps and delay time achieved in their best qualifying 
            heat. 
    
                                     
    
    6.8 Composition of Result Lists in the FSR-V classes
     
         The following items should be recorded in the result list of a 
         competition in the FSR-V class: 
    
    
         - Type, place and date of the event 
         - Sequence of placing in accordance with paragraph 6.7 
         - Class 
         - Surname, Christian name and country registration number of the competitor 
         - Noise level result 
         - Number of valid laps (in brackets any laps deducted) from the best heat 
         - The delay time from the best heat 
         - Name and registration number of the judge
         - Signatures of the chief judge
    
    6.9 Competition course and duration of a race in the FSR-H classes
    
    (1)  The competition will be held on a course as shown in drawing 4. The 
         competition course has to be placed so that the base line runs parallel
         to the starting pontoon and the centre line is at a right angle from between
         start positions 4 and 5 to the centre buoy.
    
                            ---------  = Start and finish line 
                            8……1     = Start positions 
                            RB         = Rescue boat 
                            SC         = Start clock 
    
    Drawing 4: FSR - H competition course 
    
    (2)  The models have to achieve the following number of laps within 4 minutes: 
    
         FSR-H3.5 =5 laps 
         FSR-H7.5 =6 laps
         FSR-H15  = 7 laps
    
    (3)  Starting time for the heat has to be shown on a start clock (see drawing 5)
         or other adequate (optical or acoustic) means. 
    
    6.10 Start clock for FSR-H classes 
    
    (1)  The start clock is designed for FSR-H races with special optical and 
         acoustical information and signals which the competitors use to prepare 
         for the start of the heat.
    
    Drawing 5: Start clock for FSR-H races.
    
                                    
    
    (2)  The start clock must comply with the following:
    
         -1 turn of the hand must be 30 seconds with a precision of approx. 1 second. 
         -The face of the clock must show the following points: 15 seconds,
          7.5 seconds, 5, 4, 3 ,2 ,1 seconds. 
         -The 5 second segment must be shown in a contrast colour. 
         -There must be 4 red lights which are all switched on at the beginning of 
          preparation time. The lights will be switched off individually at 
          30 second intervals. 
    
          After the last red light has gone off a yellow light will come on which
          indicates the 30 seconds control time when no boats can be launched. 
          A the end of this 30 seconds a white light or acoustic signal will 
          indicate the start of the race. 
    
        -The clock hand must reach the “12 o’clock” position at exactly the
         same time as the light or acoustic signal indicate the start of the race.
        -The face of the clock must be white or orange, the hand must be black.
        -The diameter of the face of the clock must be between 750 and 1000 mm.
        -The start clock must be able to float so that it can be positioned
         within the competition course.
    
    6.11 Procedures for races in the FSR-H classes
    
    (1)  A heat must have a minimum of 4 and maximum of 8 competitors. Each
         competitor must run at least 4 heats. If there are more than 8 
         competitors entered in a class, a final must be run in accordance
         with paragraph (2).
    
    (2)  8 competitors with the highest scores from the heats qualify for the
         final. For the final at least 4 heats must be run. The best placed 
         competitor will occupy start position 5, the second best placed start
         position 4, the third best placed start position 6, the fourth best 
         placed start position 3 etc. until the eight placed, who will occupy 
         start position 1.
    
    (3)  Before the start of each heat a radio check has to be carried out to
         prevent interference. Therefore all transmitters and receivers must 
         be switched on. When it has been confirmed that there is no radio 
         interference it is no longer possible to protest.
    
    (4)  Each race consists of three independent phases:
    
         - Preparation time (Pit time) 2 minutes
         - Control time (Milling time) 30 seconds
         - Course time (Race time) 4 minutes
    
    (5)  During preparation time engines are started, and the boats launched.
         If a competitor starts an engine after the preparation time, this 
         race will not count. Races cannot be repeated. Preparation time 
         must not be delayed or cancelled, unless in exceptional circumstances
         at the judges discretion (e.g. problems on the race course). Models 
         can be adjusted during the preparation time, however the competitor
         is not allowed to leave the start position.
     
    (6)  At the start of control time no further boats can be launched.
    
    (7)  The competitors must drive their boats around the course or the 
         special lay-by zone allocated by the competition management, so
         that all the competitors can cross the start line at the end of
         control time. Boats must drive the course in the clockwise direction. 
    
    (8)  During the last 15 seconds of the control time in order to ensure the
         safety of all the boats, the models must keep in a straight line after
         passing buoy No. 6. Zigzagging across the course, course changes in
         excess of 45 degrees in order to avoid crossing the start line early 
         etc., are not allowed and are penalised with a one extra lap.
     
    (9)  The end of the control time indicates the start of the race time, 
         regardless of where the boats are on the course. 
    
    (10)  Models crossing the start line immediately before the end of control
          time have a false start and must therefore complete an extra lap.
    
    (11)  The race officially starts, when at the end of control time the 
          first boat crosses the stating line. 
    
    (12)  Missing a buoy and therefore cutting the course is penalised by 
          one extra lap. 
    
    (13)  The competitor whose boat crosses the line first after completing
          the required number of laps and taking into account any penalties
          (additional laps) is the winner. 
    
    (14)  In the event that no boat completes the required laps within the 
          4 minutes run time, the race is discounted. A repetition of the 
          race is not permitted. 
    
    (15)  Boats, which have not completed the required number of laps, 
          receive 25 points. 
    
    (16)  After a competitor has completed the required number of laps they
          must remove the boat from the water. The start position official 
          can order such boats to quit the race course.
     
    (17)  If the start position official considers that there are boats on 
          the race course which will not be able to complete the race in 
          the time remaining, they can request them to take their boats out
          of the water. The point given will be the same as in cases when 
          the race is not completed (25 points). 
    
    (18)  The race will only be re-run in cases of radio interference. 
    
    (19) Heats must be organised so that no one competitor will have to
         take part in two consecutive races. 
    
    (20) Each race must be run in accordance with the rules specified 
         in section 6.12.
    
                                     
    
    6.12 Basic rules and penalties in the FSR-H classes 
    
         Failing to comply with the following rules could result in a 
         disqualification from one heat or the entire competition. 
    
    6.12.1 Left Turns
     
    (1)  Excessive left turns on the course are not permitted, except
         when giving way or to avoid collision. Minor steering 
         corrections to the left, or to overtake other boats are allowed. 
    
    (2)  Penalised by one extra lap will be in the following cases: 
    
         -left turn in excess of 45 degrees. 
         -when a competitor by turning to the left endangers another
          model
     
    (3)  Causing damage to another boat, which will prevent it from 
         being used in the competition will result in a disqualification
         from that heat. 
    
    6.12.2 Right of Way 
    
    (1)  Reliable turning and steering techniques as well as sporting 
         fairness are provisions for the proper sailing/use of the 
         race course. 
    
    (2)  The normal racing line is the line closest to the outline of
         the course. Boats on the racing line have right of way. 
    
    (3)  A boat on a normal racing line has the right to maintain 
         its course. 
    
    (4)  A boat overtaking the boat ahead, which is on the same racing
         line must be at least 3 boat lengths ahead before it has the
         right of way. 
    
    (5)  Penalised by one extra lap will be in the following cases: 
    
         -Not following the rules specifying the right of way 
         -Preventing another boat from overtaking by a zigzagging,
          S - turns, etc. 
     
    6.12.3 Negotiating/passing the buoys 
    
    (1)  Each buoy on the race course must be negotiated on the 
         outside. An exception can only be made by the start position
         official, if it would benefit the race situation or in order
         to avoid a collision. 
    (2)  Buoy penalties are given by the assistant pontoon judges.
         It is not possible to protest their decision. 
    
    (3) Penalised by one extra lap will be in the following cases:
     
         - Passes a buoy on the inside (one penalty lap for each buoy)
         - Driving inside the oval race course
         - Cutting or crossing the race course
         - Driving through the middle of the race course
    
    (4) If a competitor cannot steer their boat properly they will
        received a warning. If their driving has not improved, 
        they will be disqualified from this heat. 
    
                                      
    
    6.13 Rules for overtaking in the FSR-H classes
    
        Overtaking in accordance with paragraph 6.12.2 is allowed
        on the entire course. The following examples are only 
        guidance for the judges and cannot be cited by competitors 
        in a possible protest. In the situations described below
        serious danger could arise to other boats or spectators. 
        In this case the start position official can order the 
        competitor, causing the danger, to discontinue the race.
        The competitor will be disqualified for this heat and
        will receive no points. 
    
    
    Example No. 1
    
    Example No. 2
    
    Example No. 3
    
    Example No. 4
    
    Example No. 5
    
    6.14 Calculation of final results in the FSR-H classes
     
    (1)  In FSR-H classes, each competitor receives the following 
         points according to the place achieved:
    
    
         1. Place           = 400 points 
         2. Place           = 300 points
         3. Place           = 225 points
         4. Place           = 169 points
         5. Place           = 127 points
         6. Place           = 96 points
         7. Place           = 72 points
         8. Place           = 54 points 
         Race not completed = 25 points
         Boat did not pass the starting line after the starting
         signal             = No points
    
    (2)  In cases of equal points there should be a run off 
         in the following cases:
    
         a) To select a competitor for the final.
         b) In the final, to decide places 1, 2 or 3
    
         The run off will be held after the completion of 
         the heats or after the finals.
    
    (3)  The final result of the competition is the sum of all
         points achieved in all heats, unless finals are held. 
    
    (4)  If a final takes place, the results will be as follows:
     
         a) All the finalists are placed according to the total
            of points achieved during the final. 
         b) The remaining competitors are placed according to
            the total of points achieved during the 
            qualification heats.
    
                                     
    
    6.15 Composition of result lists in the FSR-H classes
    
        The following items should be recorded in the result 
        list of a competition in the FSR-H class: 
    
        -  Type, place and date of the event 
        -  Class 
        - Surname, Christian name and country registration
          number of the competitor 
        - Noise level result 
        - Result of each race (points, penalty laps) 
        - Total points scored 
        - Total penalty laps 
        - Name and registration number of the judge 
        - Signature of the chief judge
    
    7. Methods for measuring noise levels in the FSR category 
    
    7.1 General 
    
    (1)  The measurement microphone must be positioned as follows:
     
         - Height 1000 mm approx. X 200 mm above water level
         - Position 25 meters to the right for FSR-V and to the left
           for FSR-H at the right angle to the centreline of the FSR
           course and 22 meters away from the line connecting the two
           lowest buoys.
         - The measurement microphone must be shown at right angles
           and with the connecting line of the two lowest buoys and
           securely attached.
    
    (2)  It is not necessary to pass the noise measuring equipment at
         full speed. 
    
    (3)  Faults with a silencer which cause excess noise level must be
         corrected immediately. The model must be taken off the water on 
         completing the commenced lap, failing which the competitor will
         be disqualified. 
    
    7.2 Measuring methods in FSR-H classes 
    
    (1)  At least one noise measurement must be taken for each model 
         during the race, under the following conditions:
     
         - There should be no other boat within 15 meters around the
           model being measured.
         - The noise measurement must be taken when the boat is on 
           the base line at least 15 meters away from the microphone.
    
    (2)  When more than one measurement is taken, the recorded noise
         level will be the average of all measurements. 
    
    (3)  The competitor must be advised immediately after the first race
         if their boat exceeds 80dB/A. If after the second race the boat
         still exceeds the noise level they will receive a warning and if
         during the third race the noise level is exceeded they will be 
         immediately disqualified. 
    
    7.3 Measuring methods in FSR-V classes 
    
    (1)  At least three noise level measurements must be taken for each
         model during the race, under the following conditions:
     
         - There should be no other boat within 15 meters around the
           model being measured.
         - The noise measurement must be taken when the boat is on the
           base line at least 15 meters away from the microphone.
         - The measurements must be evenly spaced during the race.
    
    (2)  The competitor must be advised immediately if their boat 
         exceeds 80dB/A. If the second measurement also exceeds the noise
         level they will receive a warning and if the third measurement
         exceeds the noise level they will be immediately disqualified.
    
                                   
    
    Appendix 1.
    
    Guide to measurement/set up a FSR-V course 
    
    In order to set up an FSR - V course you need two fixed point 100m
    apart, 2 X 70 m strings and 2 X 122 m strings (points C-A-C, C-A1-C)
    and 2 X 78.1 m strings (C-B-C).